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Portrait miniatures, painted in oil, vitreous enamel, or watercolour, were popular among the elite and middle classes until the development of photography in the mid 19th century. They were commissioned as portable keepsakes for loved ones, used as a method of introduction over distance, or worn as a sign of loyalty to the subject. The earliest examples were painted on copper or vellum but from the 1710s, watercolour on thin sheets of ivory became the standard medium
The emergence of the ‘middle sort’ in the Georgian era encouraged the market for portraiture and saw both the emergence of the professionally trained miniature artist (the trio of acknowledged masters of the genre Richard Cosway, John Smart, and Richard Crosse were all born in the 1740s) and formal recognition of the genre by the Royal Academy. With a few exceptions, the last great miniature painters were from the Victorian era.
Miniatures have been granted an exception under the UK’s proposed ivory ban. However, like so many areas of the collecting market, there is a marked financial distinction between the best examples and routine pieces that are far more price sensitive. The subject is often divided by period, artist, medium, nationality, and subject matter. Survivors from the Tudor and Stuart period are scarcer than those from later eras. Children, attractive women or named military, literary or theatrical sitters are typically more commercial than anonymous middle-aged men. The presence of an original frame is also an important component when coming to a valuation.
Great prices were achieved in the fourth installment of our annual Sporting Art Wildlife and Dogs sales on Wednesday 2 June. Strong bidding was seen across all sections of the sale and topped by two large unframed canvases of the hunt ‘in full cry’ by John Nost Sartorius (1759-1828).
Bought from an antiques dealer several years previously, the present owners of this painting wanted to know more about their dog. They took him along to a BBC Antiques Roadshow in July 2014 where it was instantly recognised as a copy of the dog in Hogarth’s “Manifesto” self-portrait painted in 1745.
Our June Fine Interiors auction features over 750 lots of furniture, works of art, paintings and silver, with a good showing of English and Continental furniture and decorative arts from the 17th to the 20th centuries to suit a variety of tastes and styles. Leading the sale are the selected contents from three impressive private properties.