Lot 190 in our auction of Asian Art on Friday 14 May is a rare collection of Chinese rank badges from the Yuan Shikai period (late 1915 to early 1916).
Each roundel is embroidered with the symbols of sovereignty, including the fu surrounded by libation cups, fire, a constellation, a dragon, a mountain, a pheasant, an axe or a waterweed, amongst clouds against a black satin ground.
After he became the first President of the Chinese Republic in 1912, Yuan Shikai had a desire to emulate the old Imperial ranking system. These roundels were made to be worn by officials during the traditional seasonal sacrifices he reinstated. The lower the status of the official, the fewer roundels on his robe, and the fewer traditional symbols of Imperial authority included in the roundel, with twelve being the highest number for roundels and symbols.
The collection of four badges, each glazed and framed, is estimated for sale at £600 - £800
A photograph of Yuan's court practice ritual ceremony on 23rd of December, 1914, shows the officials wearing court robes in similar rank badges.
Asian Art - Friday 14 May
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Born 1846 in Nancy, a hive of activity for French art, Émile Gallé became one of the most renowned figures allied with this area. Raised into the beginnings of a glass business started by father Charles Gallé, the material was never a mystery to him.